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Native Americans Tribes

Southeast Region: Tribal History

Below are brief descriptions about the tribes that artist Dave McGary focuses on in his bronze sculptures of the people of the southeast region of Native America:

Atsina

Tribal Origin: Algonquian Family
Tribes of the Atsina: Also known as the Gros Ventres
Native Name: A'ani or A'aninin, means 'white clay people'
Home Territories: Montana and South Saskatchewan
Language: Atsina
Alliances: Blackfeet and then later allied with the Crow; possibly with the Arapaho
Enemies: Assiniboine, Cree and Blackfeet (when the Atsina allied themselves with the Crow)
Point of Interest:
Due to the acquisition of guns by their enemies, they were forced north into Canada.

Cherokee

Tribal Origin: Iroquoian Family
Tribes of the Cherokee: Ani'-wa'`ya (Wolf), Ani'-Kawĭ' (Deer),
Ani'-Tsi'skwa (Bird), Ani'-wi'dĭ (Paint), Ani'-Sah'a'ni, Ani'-Ga'tagewĭ and Ani'-Gi-lâ'hĭ
Native Name: Tsálăgĭ or Tsárăgĭ, which might mean 'cave people'
Home Territories: Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tenessee and Texas
Languages:

1) Elatĭ, or Lower, at locations near the heads of Savannah River, in South Carolina and Georgia;

2) Middle, mainly near the Tuckasegee River in western North Carolina;

3) A'tŭli, Mountain or Upper, throughout most of upper Georgia, east Tennessee, and extreme western North Carolina.

Alliances: Sided with the Americans during Revolutionary War. During the United States Civil War, most Cherokees sided with the Confederacy
Point of Interest: If a White man married a Cherokee woman, he was granted limited tribal membership. However, if a Cherokee man married a Caucasian woman, he would be forced out of the tribe.

Chesapeake

Tribal Origin: Algonquian Family
Native Name: K'che-sepiack, mean 'country on a great river'
Home Territories: Southern Virginia
Language: Unknown
Enemies: Powhatan
Point of Interest:
Believed to have been wiped out before the European settling of America

Chickasaw

Tribal Origin: Muskhogean Family
Native Name: Chikashsha, means 'rebel' or 'comes from Chicsa'
Home Territories: Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee and eventually Oklahoma
Language: Muskhogean
Alliances: Sided with the Americans during Revolutionary War. Sided with the Confederacy during the United States Civil War
Enemies: French, Choctaws and Shawnee
Point of Interest:
The addition of 'mingo' to someones name was set aside solely for chiefs

Choctaw

Tribal Origin: Muskhogean Family
Native Name: Choctaw, means 'flathead'
Home Territories: Alabama, Luisianna, Mississippi and eventually Oklahoma
Language: Choctaw
Alliances: Sided with the Americans during Revolutionary War. Sided with the Confederacy during the United States Civil War
Enemies: Chickasaw
Point of Interest:
Were code-talkers in WWI. The Germans could not understand their language.

Creek

Tribal Origin: Muskhogean Family
Native Name: Mvskoke, from the Muscogee branch of the Muskhogean Family
Home Territories: Alabama, Florida, Georgia and eventually Oklahoma
Languages: Muscogee, Hittite, Koasati, Yuchi, Natchez and Shawnee
Alliances: Some sided with the Americans, while others with the British during Revolutionary War. Sided with the North during the United States Civil War
Enemies: Choctaw
Point of Interest:
There clothing was made from a mixture of animal hides and various types of plants.

Pensacola

Tribal Origin: No family tribal affiliations
Native Name: okla, means 'people'
Home Territories: Pensacola, Florida region
Language: Unknown
Point of Interest:
Very little is known about this tribe.

Seminole:

Tribal Origin: Muscogee (or Creek) and Hitchiti
Native Name: Ikaniúksalgi, means 'peninsula people'
Home Territories: Florida and eventually Oklahoma and Mexico
Languages: Muscogee and Hittite
Enemies: Fought hard against the United States
Point of Interest:
The use of the Seminole name and symbols by Florida State University (FSU) was negotiated directly with the tribe. They are exempt from any lawsuits due to this agreement.

 

For more information regarding the Native American tribes that Dave McGary focuses on in his bronze sculptures, we recommend the following resources: encarta.msn.com; accessgenealogy.com; Handbook of American Indians, 1906; Handbook of American Indians, 1912, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 30, part 1 and 2; wikipedia.org; en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ojibwa; mohawktribe.com

Other Native American Tribes of
Bronze Art Sculptor, Dave McGary

Northeast:
Fox, Huron, Mahican, Martha's Vineyard Indians, Mohawk, Objibwe, Shawnee and Shinnecock

Southeast:
Cherokee, Chesapeake, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Pensacola and Seminole

Upper Midwest:
Algonquian Family, Atsina, Chippewa, Dakota, Foxes, Hurons, Iroquois, Oneida, Potawatomi, Shawnee and Winnebago

Upper Plains:
Apache (Jicarilla), Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboin, Blackfoot, Brulé Sioux, Caddo, Cheyenne, Cherokee, Chippewa, Comanche Dakota (Sioux), Delaware, Foxes, Gros Ventre, Hidatsa, Hunkpapa, Illinois, Iowa, Iroquois, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Kiowa Apache, Mdewakanton, Sioux, Mandan, Missouri, Oglala, Ojibwa, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Ottawa, Pawnee, Peoria, Ponca, Quapaw, San Arcs, Sauk, Santee, Seneca, Shawnee and Teton Sioux

Southwest:
Apache, Comanche, Havasupai, Hopi, Jemez, Kiowa, Kiowa Apache, Lipan, Maricopa, Mohave, Navaho, Paiute, Papago, Panamint, Pecos, Pima, Pueblo, Shoshoni, Sobaipuri, Tewa Pueblos, Ute, Walapai, Yavapai, Yuma and Zuñi

Mountain:
Apache, Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboin, Atsina, Bannock, Blackfeet (Siksika), Cheyenne, Chippewa, Comanche, Cree, Crow, Dakota, Jicarilla, Kiowa, Kiowa Apache, Mandan, Nez Percé, Navaho, Paiute, Pawnee, Piegan, Pueblos, Salish, Shoshonean Family and Shoshoni

Canadian Tribes:
Algonkin, Arapaho, Assiniboin, Atsina, Chippewa, Cree, Crow, Dakota, Haida, Hidatsa, Huron, Iroquois, Kutenai and Tionontati