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Native Americans Tribes

Northeast Region: Tribal History

Below are brief descriptions about the tribes that artist Dave McGary focuses on in his bronze sculptures of the people of the northeast region of Native America:

Fox

Tribal Origin: Algonquian Family
Also known as: Utŭgamig, means 'people of the other shore'
Native Name: Měshkwa`kihŭg' or the 'red-earth people'
Home Territories: Illinois, Iowa, Missouri and Wisconsin
Language: Meskwaki
Alliances: Sioux and Iroquois
Enemies: Chippewa, Potawatomi, Menominee and the French
Point of Interest: Extremely violent in warfare, which nearly brought about their demise by the French, who considered the complete annihilation of this clan. Also were code-talkers in WWII.

Huron

Tribal Origin: Wendat Conferacy
Native Name: Wendat, or 'Dwellers of the Peninsula' or 'Islanders'
Home Territories: Ontario, Quebec, Ohio, Oklahoma, Michigan and Kansas
Language: Wendat
Alliances: Delawares and Munsees
Enemies: Iroquois
Point of Interest: Consisted of 4 tribes (Attignaouantan – 'Bear people', the Attigneenongnahac – 'Cord people', the Arendahronon – 'Rock people', and the Tohontaenrat – 'White-eared' or 'Deer people')

Mahican

Tribal Origin: Algonquian Family
Also known as: Mohican
Native Name: Muhhekunneuw, or 'People of the Great River'
Home Territories: New York and Wisconsin
Language: Mahican
Alliances: Munsee tribe
Enemies: Mohawk
Point of Interest: The Mahican government was similar to a democracy, although the main leader (the secham) was essentially a king. The chiefs and other officials were appointed by election. The secham and chiefs main role was keeping the peace. However, when war was necessary, the 'heros' (a title given to the best warriors) were put in charge until the hostilities ended. The rule was returned to the secham.

Martha's Vineyard Indians

Tribal Origin: Iroquios confederation
Also known as: Wampanoag
Native Name: Kaniengehaga or 'people of the place of the flint'
Home Territories: Martha's Vineyard (or known in their Algonquian-Ritwan language of as Noepe, or 'land amid the streams')
Point of Interest: Approximately 2,300 Wampanoags still live on Noepe

Mohawk

Tribal Origin: Iroquios confederation
Also known as: Mohowaùuck or 'they eat things' or 'man-eaters.'
Native Name: Kaniengehaga or 'people of the place of the flint'
Home Territories: New York, Quebec and Ontario
Language: Kanien'keha'ka
Alliances: Ottawa and Potawatomi peoples
Enemies: Numerous tribes, including the Mahicans, Ojibwes, Huron-Wendats, Algonquins, Pennacook, Abnakis, Squakhead, Sokokis and countless others
Point of Interest: Known for their brutal tactics in war that gave their enemies cause for great concern. Their religious beliefs demanded the slow cooking and eventual consumption of their enemies in an effort to keep their god pleased.

Ojibwe

Tribal Origin: Algonquian Family
Also known as: Ojibwa, Ojibway, Chippewa and the Chippeway
Native Name: Bāwa'tigōwininiwŭg, means 'people of the Sault'
Home Territories: Michigan, northern Wisconsin, Minnesota and North Dakota
Language: Anishinaabemowin or Ojibwemowin
Alliances: Ottawa and Potawatomi peoples
Enemies: Iroquois Confederacy and the Sioux
Point of Interest: The largest North American tribe, living in wigwams, and for hunting, fishing and agriculture

Shawnee

Tribal Origin: Algonquian Family
Native Name: Shawŭnogi or 'Southerners'
Home Territories: Tennessee, South Carolina, Ohion, Pennsylvania, Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas
Language: Shawnee
Alliances: The Union during the United States Civil War
Point of Interest: Following the American Civil War, many Shawnee in Kansas were blended into the Cherokee Nation and were known as Cherokee Shawnee. In the year 2000, they gained back their original name of Shawnee

Shinnecock

Tribal Origin: Algonquian Family
Home Territories: Long Island and into Southampton, New York
Language: Similar to Niantic, Montaukett, and Narragansett
Enemies: Pequot tribe
Point of Interest: Known for their currency of wampompeag (wampum), which were well-crafted shell beads strung onto threads

 

For more information regarding the Native American tribes that Dave McGary focuses on in his bronze sculptures, we recommend the following resources: encarta.msn.com; accessgenealogy.com; Handbook of American Indians, 1906; Handbook of American Indians, 1912, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 30, part 1 and 2; wikipedia.org; en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ojibwa; mohawktribe.com

Other Native American Tribes of
Bronze Art Sculptor, Dave McGary

Northeast:
Fox, Huron, Mahican, Martha's Vineyard Indians, Mohawk, Objibwe, Shawnee and Shinnecock

Southeast:
Cherokee, Chesapeake, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Pensacola and Seminole

Upper Midwest:
Algonquian Family, Atsina, Chippewa, Dakota, Foxes, Hurons, Iroquois, Oneida, Potawatomi, Shawnee and Winnebago

Upper Plains:
Apache (Jicarilla), Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboin, Blackfoot, Brulé Sioux, Caddo, Cheyenne, Cherokee, Chippewa, Comanche Dakota (Sioux), Delaware, Foxes, Gros Ventre, Hidatsa, Hunkpapa, Illinois, Iowa, Iroquois, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Kiowa Apache, Mdewakanton, Sioux, Mandan, Missouri, Oglala, Ojibwa, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Ottawa, Pawnee, Peoria, Ponca, Quapaw, San Arcs, Sauk, Santee, Seneca, Shawnee and Teton Sioux

Southwest:
Apache, Comanche, Havasupai, Hopi, Jemez, Kiowa, Kiowa Apache, Lipan, Maricopa, Mohave, Navaho, Paiute, Papago, Panamint, Pecos, Pima, Pueblo, Shoshoni, Sobaipuri, Tewa Pueblos, Ute, Walapai, Yavapai, Yuma and Zuñi

Mountain:
Apache, Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboin, Atsina, Bannock, Blackfeet (Siksika), Cheyenne, Chippewa, Comanche, Cree, Crow, Dakota, Jicarilla, Kiowa, Kiowa Apache, Mandan, Nez Percé, Navaho, Paiute, Pawnee, Piegan, Pueblos, Salish, Shoshonean Family and Shoshoni

Canadian Tribes:
Algonkin, Arapaho, Assiniboin, Atsina, Chippewa, Cree, Crow, Dakota, Haida, Hidatsa, Huron, Iroquois, Kutenai and Tionontati